Almost any plastic or metal can be manufactured by CNC machining. It means that you have more options when selecting the right materials for your CNC machined parts, and it is quite a challenging work to find the exact material that meets all requirements for your product development. Here are 3 general rules you should keep in mind when you select the materials among the numerous options, and the rules may help you get the best option.
1. Know the requirements for materials of your parts:
You know much better the parts application when you develop the products, so taking all possible factors in- cluding parts final application, mechanical property, cost and the surface treatment into consideration will be necessary.
Final Application
The final application of your parts can have the most significant effect on your selection of food grade, medical grade or other special high-performance engineering materials. Environment temperature and contact medium should be considered as well.
Mechanical Property
Mechanical properties include strength and ultimate strain in several modes, impact strength, abrasion resistance, ductility, coefficient of friction, hardness, and machinability.
Take plastic materials for instance, when selecting the plastic materials, the engineer should analyze conditions of parts load, including load ability, types and time, then compare the physical properties of plastic materials. See the below sheet five typical load conditions and plastic properties engineers should consider about.
Typical Load Conditions and Plastic Properties Should be Considered About
Load Conditions Plastic Properties Should be Considered About
Short-term load Stress-strain behavior
Long-term load Creep
Repetitive load Fatigue Strength
High speed and impact loads Impact Strength
Loads at extreme temperature Thermal stress-strain behavior
Electrical and Thermal Requirements
If you are considering the plastic materials, you should evaluate on the operating temperature of plastics, and the electrical property is crucial in the parts of household appliances.
2. Identify the common materials for your parts:
our engineers select several common materials that frequently used by our customers. The below is the properties of common material:
Aluminum 6061
offers excellent machinability, low cost, and versatility.
Stainless steel 304
has a higher corrosion resistance than regular steel and is widely used because of the ease in which it is formed into various shapes.
Peek
offers high abrasion and wear resistance, low moisture absorption, and low coefficient of friction.
ABS
offers high impact strength, low heat conductivity, and low coefficient of friction. For most applications, ABS can be used between −20 and 80 °C (−4 and 176 °F) as its mechanical properties vary with temperature.
Polycarbonate(PC)
used in engineering are strong, tough materials, and some grades are optically transparent. They are easily manufactured, molded, and thermoformed. Because of these properties, polycarbonates find many applications.
3. Considering all aspects when selecting the right material:
Cost is an important reason when choosing the final material, and sometimes it may be the decision-making factor for your choice.
Don’t forget the surface treatment. If you want your parts anodized, per- haps you should think about aluminum alloys, and if you want the logo laser engraved on your parts, you should think about metal materials.
You should consider about if your chosen material meets the safety regu- lations or certain certification requirements, such as 3C Certification, FDA, USDA, UL. Meanwhile, it is also necessary to consider whether your prod- ucts need to meet the requirements of UL94 fire rating.
Over more than a decade, the engineers of RPWORLD has accumulated experience on how to find the right material, and considering all aspects mentioned above. If you have more questions about CNC machining selection, please contact us for more information, the professional engineers will make the best choice for you.