1. Manufacturability Manufacturability refers to the ability of a part to be manufactured at a lower cost and higher quality. If the manufacturability of a part is high, then it means that the part meets the design requirements of the manufacturing process, it is easy to manufacture, its manufacturing efficiency is high, its cost is low, its defects are few, and its quality is high, etc.; Correspondingly, if the manufacturability of a part is low, the part does not meet the design requirements of the manufacturing process, it is difficult to manufacture, the efficiency is low, the cost is high, the many defects exist and the quality is low.
2. Assemblability Assemblability refers to the ability of a product to be assembled at a lower cost and higher quality. The high assemblability of a product indicates that the design of the product satisfies the design requirements of the assembly process. The product is easy to assemble, has high assembly efficiency, low assembly failure rate and assembly cost, and high assembly quality; correspondingly, the low assemblability of a product indicates that the product design does not meet the design requirements of the assembly process, the product is difficult to assemble, has low assembly efficiency, high assembly failure rate and assembly cost, and low assembly quality.
Part II What’s the Development Flow of DFMA
Part III What Are the Impediments for DFMA Implementation
1. Ignoring product design Some companies pay no attention to product designs. They don’t think product design is important and are not willing to devote time and energy in product design.
2. Wrong product quality concept Some companies believe that products are manufactured, and product quality is equal to manufacturing quality. This is the wrong product quality concept. Product quality is not manufactured, but designed.
3. No awareness for DFMA Although many enterprises have paid attention to the manufacturability and assemblability of product design in the product design phase, however, they don’t consider the manufacturability and assemblability of product design systematically, so there is still a long way to go with real DFMA.
4. DFMA requires teamwork DFMA requires a fundamental abandonment of long-term use of traditional product development processes, while the design department also needs to work in teams with manufacturing, assembly, testing, etc., which inevitably encounters many obstacles.DFMA requires not only product design engineers to consider the manufacturability and assemblability of the product, but also manufacturing and assembly engineers to offer ideas from their point of view. Therefore, DFMA requires teamwork and is not easy to implement.
5. Lack of DFMA talents DFMA has high demand for product design engineers. They must be able to design based on various of design requirements and be familiar with manufacturing and assembly processes, which requires plenty accumulation of time and experience. There is a lack of talents in this area and companies also lack patience to train them.
6. Erroneous manufacturing positioning Sometimes, the suppliers know that the product design is unreasonable so that the manufactured product cannot meet the design requirements, but in order to get the order, they accept the order without any design modification suggestions. In this case, product design often does not consider the requirements of manufacturing, which is wrong.
7. The misguidance from "customer first" principle The “customer first” principle usually leads to neglect of product manufacturability and assemblability. When facing customers’ requirements, do not accept it directly, but consider product manufacturability and assemblability and analyze comprehensively with reasonable evidence, even if their requirements can’t be met, the customers will be impressed with the engineer’s professionalism and will not be unhappy with it, which can achieve a win-win situation between companies and their customers.